Food Assistance Convention

20 December 2022


Food Assistance Convention: 2021 Annual Narrative Report

In 2021 hunger surpassed all previous records as reported by the Global Report on Food Crises (GRFC). The GRFC published in May 2022 (covering the year 2021)1 indicated that around 193 million people in 53 countries were in crisis or worse (IPC/CH Phase 3 or above) by the end of 2021, with an increase of nearly 40 million people since 2020. The magnitude and severity of food crises in 2021 were mainly driven by protracted conflict and insecurity, economic shocks - related to the COVID-19 pandemic - and weather extremes which exacerbated pre-existing fragilities. Malnutrition remained at critical levels, driven by several factors, including low physical availability and economic and physical access to food, poor child-feeding practices, a high prevalence of childhood illnesses, poor maternal dietary practices during pregnancy and low access to sanitation, drinking water and health care.

The increase in serious and large-scale crises that occurred simultaneously in 2021 and the food crisis that are expected to worsen in 2022 due to the Russian invasion of Ukraine, conflicts and low rains in many parts of Africa, emphasizes the continued relevance of the Food Assistance Convention (FAC). The FAC represents a commitment by its Parties2 to contribute to global food security and to improve the ability of the international community to respond to emergency food crises, to save and change lives, to reduce hunger, to improve levels of nutrition, to create livelihoods, and to strengthen the resilience and self-sufficiency of the most vulnerable populations. This 2021 FAC Annual Report presents a summary of the Parties" contributions towards these objectives, as per their individual financial and narrative reports for the year.